Gloucerster RCW Suburban DMU (TOPS Classes 122 & 131)


The Class 122 DMUs were built for the Western region of British Rail in 1958 by the Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Company. Twenty single-car driving motor vehicles with cabs at both ends were built, numbered W55000-55019. These were supplemented by ten single cab driving trailer vehicles, numbered W56290-56299. The vehicles were similar in design to the 3-car Class 116 units built at Derby, with doors provided at each seating bay.

The single-car class 122s and class 121s built by Pressed Steel were nicknamed 'Bubble cars' by enthusiasts.

The first Gloucester Single to be transferred to Scotland was W55000 which arrived at Ayr depot in February 1967 together with AC Cars railbus W79975 to work Kilmarnock - Ayr services. More were transferred north in 1968, including three units with trailer cars allocated to Hamilton Depot.

Three of the Singles, Sc55011-13, were converted in 1968 into Motor Luggage Vans for use on Parcels traffic, these had seats removed, and an extra pair double doors fitted in the body side. These units, designated class 131s, worked routes in Central Scotland often attached to Class 101 units.


One of the single cars from the Western Region, Sc55015, has had the seats removed and is marked “Parcels Service Only”.

Inverness had an allocation of 122s through the 1970s and these units worked with the Class 120s on the Inverness - Aberdeen route.

The Railway Observer for January 1971 gives the following allocations:

64H Leith Central:-
Gloucester R.C.& W. Single Cars:
MBS 55000/13/4; MPV 55015.


Parcels Vehicles
Sc55013/4/5 are now permanently allocated to Parcels Traffic and at least Sc55015 has been recoded MB ex-MBS.


Leith Central
Sc55000 is now the only single car in passenger service from this depot.

When Leith Central depot closed in 1972, the Singles based there were reallocated to Haymarket. In the same year the units at Hamilton moved to Eastfield Depot.

The Railway Observer for August 1973 gives the following sets:
Haymarket – No set numbers are allocated but all sets are now operated as triples. At mid-May the sets were as follows:
Single Cars Cloucester DMBS: Sc55000/13/4/5

In June 1973, the class 122 vehicles at Eastfield Depot formed part of hybrid 3-cars set, with a class 101 DMSL at one end and the DTS car in the centre. The DTS vehicles were withdrawn in August 1977.

Car Sc55002 moved back to Hamilton depot where it was used as replacement for a missing Class 116 DMB in a 3-car set. In August 1975 it was noted working out of Glasgow Central with Sc59326 and Sc50879.

By 1978 Sc55002 had received the GG logo of the Greater Glasgow PTE on its plain blue livery. It then had a spell working from Inverness.

By March 1980 all five Scottish Region 122s were based at Dundee Depot and most were now painted in Blue and Grey livery. They were used, singly or in pairs, on local services from Dundee to Carnoustie/Arbroath and to Perth. Some of them had "Tayway" stickers on the cab fronts, the marketing name for the Dundee - Carnoustie service sponsored by the Tayside Regional Council.

Sc55005 was transferred away to Tyseley in March 1981.

Dundee depot closed in 1982 and the four 122s and other DMUs were reallocated to Haymarket in March. Initially they continued on the Tayside duties, and also for strengthening trains from Edinburgh to North Berwick and Dunblane to 4-cars, but were increasingly used as temporary replacements for missing class 101 motors in 3-car sets. The Singles were given set numbers in the 400 series with the last 2 digits matching the vehicle number.

The Scottish region's last three class 122s (Sc55000/02/11) were sent south to the London Midland Region in August 1984.

Sc55007 had been withdrawn from passenger use in December 1983, renumbered TDB977223 and retained at Haymarket for Route Learning. It remained in use until around 1988. It arrived at MC Metals at Springburn in June 1991 for scrapping.

By 1979 the three class 131 Motor Luggage Vans were being used for Route Learning. Two were withdrawn from capital stock in 1980 and moved to York. One saw some further use as a Route Learning car, before becoming a stores vehicle at Derby RTC.

The last 131 Sc55015 had been repainted in blue and grey livery and remained in capital stock until September 1983, when it was converted into a Sandite unit and renumbered TDB977177, based at Eastfield. It carried the name 'SANDRA' on the lower body side and a West Highland terrier toward the left end. In autumn its intended duties were to treat the railhead on the West Highland line ahead of the morning sleeper, it also worked to Stranraer for the same purpose. At other times it was used as a Route Learning vehicle, or for 'Q' train police patrols.

TDB977177 remained in use until around 1988. It arrived at MC Metals at Springburn in July 1990 for scrapping.

Some Class 122 units survived in passenger service in South West England into the early 1990s. After withdrawal four of them (55000/03/06/09) reached MC Metals at Springburn in 1995, however they were not scrapped and but stripped of residual asbestos insulation and sold for further use or preservation.

A former Class 121 Pressed Steel single-car 960011 (vehicle 977859) in Railtrack livery visited Scotland between 2001 and 2004, while in use as a video survey unit.

Another former Class 121 used for Video surveying, vehicle 977968 in all yellow with Eurailscout branding, was noted at Motherwell TMD on 9th November 2004.

List of Vehicles allocated to Scottish Region

Vehicle No. Type W.R. to Sc.R. 1971 1975 1978 1981 1983 1985
Sc55000 122 DMBS Jan.67 to 67C 64H HA HA DE HA L.M.R.
Sc55002 122 DMBS Jun.68 to 66C 66C ED HN DE HA L.M.R.
Sc55005 122 DMBS Jun.68 to 66C 66C ED IS DE L.M.R. L.M.R.
Sc55007 122 DMBS Jun.68 to 66C 66C ED ED DE HA Dept (HA)
Sc55011 122 DMBS Apr.68 to 67C 60A IS IS DE HA L.M.R.
Sc55013 131 DMLV Apr.68 to 67C 64H HA HA W
Sc55014 131 DMLV Apr.68 to 64H 64H HA HA W
Sc55015 131 DMLV Apr.68 to 64H 64H HA HA HA HA Dept (ED)
Sc56291 122 DTS Jun.68 to 66C 66C ED W
Sc56297 122 DTS Jun.68 to 66C 66C ED W
Sc56299 122 DTS Jun.68 to 66C 66C ED W

60A, IS = Inverness. 64H = Leith Central. 66C, HN = Hamilton. 67C = Ayr
DE = Dundee. ED = Eastfield. HA = Haymarket
L.M.R. = London Midland Region. W = Withdrawn. Dept = Departmental service.


The 09.41 Perth to Edinburgh Waverley approaches its destination on 15th June, 1977. The train is led by DMPV No. Sc55009 a Gloucester RCW 'suburban' single-car unit which has been converted for parcels traffic, followed by a Metropolitan-Cammell (Class 101) 3-car set composed of a DMCL, a DTCL and a DMBS vehicle, typical of the shambolic DMU formations to be found at this time.

Collapse )

BR Derby (TOPS Class 108) DMU



Coaching Stock – Diesel
Numbers now applied to Scottish Region sets are as follows:

Derby Twin = 95 (N.B. possibly class 107)

August 1988.
108380 - 52053 59248 52059 - (108/108/108) - based at HA
108381 - 52043 59245 53630 - (108/108/108) - based at HA
108383 - 53933 59387 51566 - (108/108/108) - based at HA
108384 - 51936 59386 52051 - (108/108/108) - based at HA
108385 - 51925 59710 53643 - (108/110/108) - based at HA
108386 - 51926 59697 53631 - (108/110/108) - based at HA
108391 - 53291 59701 53641 - (101/110/108) - based at HA
108392 - 53211 59817 53645 - (101/110/108) - based at HA

BR Derby suburban DMU (TOPS Class 116)


The Class 116 DMUs were 3-car units built for the Western region of British Rail in 1957/58 at BR's Derby Carriage Works.
The vehicles were similar in design to the later Class 117, with the longer 64ft bodies and doors provided at each seating bay. No toilets were provided, and as built there were no gangways between vehicles in the units.

From the mid 1960s, surplus units were transferred to the Eastern and Scottish Regions. The first three Class 116 units were transferred to Scotland in October 1966, initially on-loan to Hamilton depot, with the allocation made permanent in November, and by December 1966 eight sets were based at Hamilton.


Coaching Stock – Diesel
Numbers now applied to Scottish Region sets are as follows:
“High Density” Triple = 238-40

A ninth unit arrived in May 1969, and in July 1972 five more brought the Hamilton allocation up to fourteen 3-car sets.

Planned Set Formations, 1973 (Hamilton Depot)
Set No. DMBS TS DMS Remarks
150 Sc50818 Sc59326 Sc50871 To Tyseley 1978
151 Sc50820 Sc59328 Sc50873 TS to Tyseley 1978
152 Sc50821 Sc59329 Sc50874 DMBS to Tyseley 1978 (DMS W)
153 Sc50822 Sc59330 Sc50875 DMS to Tyseley 1978
154 Sc50823 Sc59331 Sc50876
155 Sc50825 Sc59333 Sc50878 TS, DMS to Tyseley 1978
156 Sc50826 Sc59345 Sc50879 DMBS to Tyseley 1978
157 Sc50829 Sc59337 Sc50882
158 Sc50836 Sc59344 Sc50889 Gangway fitted.
159 Sc50839 Sc59347 Sc50892 Gangway fitted.
160 Sc50844 Sc59335 Sc50897 Gangway fitted. To Stratford 1977
161 Sc50845 Sc59353 Sc50898 Gangway fitted. To Stratford 1977
162 Sc50852 Sc59360 Sc50905 To Tyseley 1978
163 Sc50867 Sc59375 Sc50920 Gangway fitted. To Stratford 1977

Some of the early arrivals were still in green livery when they came north, but were soon painted in plain BR Blue livery with full yellow ends.

The class 116 units worked out of Glasgow Central to East Kilbride, Barrhead, Kilmarnock, Kilmacolm, sometimes reaching Largs and Edinburgh via Shotts. Prior to electrification in 1974, they also worked the Hamilton Circle and Lanark services.

Set 152 was involved in a fatal accident at Pollokshield East on 11 June 1974, when it was in collision with Class 311 EMU no 108. The cab end of SC50874 was severely damaged, and was never repaired, with the vehicle officially withdrawn 16/2/76. For a while its place in set 152 was taken by Class 122 car Sc55002.

The sets which came north from the Western in 1972 were gangway fitted, and in 1977 three of these were exchanged with three non-gangwayed Eastern region sets from Stratford.

Four sets were transferred to Tyseley in the Spring of 1978, but two others made the opposite move in November 1978, one of which was gangway fitted and spent its first 6 months based at Eastfield.

In the late 1970s the cab fronts were tidied up by removal of the 2-character headcode panels. The sets were progressively repainted into blue & grey livery, and had "Trans-Clyde" branding added to the left hand sides of the driving cars.

In 1981 The Scottish region introduced a new series of set numbers.

Planned Set Formations, 1981 (Hamilton Depot)
(1973 set) (1978 set) 1981 Set No. DMBS TS DMS Remarks
M ?? 116 385 Sc50090 Sc59344 Sc50132 Gangway fitted.
151 160 116 386 Sc50820 Sc59027 Sc52012 Class 107 DMS. Disbanded 3/82
153 161 116 387 Sc50822 Sc59330 Sc50881
154 162 116 388 Sc50823 Sc59354 Sc50876
155 163 116 389 Sc50825 Sc59329 Sc50873
157 164 116 390 Sc50829 Sc59337 Sc50879 Withdrawn 11/85
158 165 116 391 Sc50836 Sc59347 Sc50889 Gangway fitted. Withdrawn 10/83
159 166 116 392 Sc50839 Sc59374 Sc50892 Gangway fitted.
E 167 116 393 Sc50841 Sc59331 Sc50877 Withdrawn 9/86 (DMS Su 11/82)
E 168 116 394 Sc50846 Sc59345 Sc50882
E 169 116 395 Sc50853 Sc59367 Sc50894 To Stratford 11/81
M ?? 116 396 Sc50859 Sc59349 Sc50899 Withdrawn 3/86

Set 116395 was returned to Stratford in November 1981. Hybrid set 116386 was disbanded with DMBS 50820 sent to the Western Region in March 1982.

With the closure of Hamilton Depot, the class 116 fleet was reallocated to Eastfield in August 1982. In theory the units were out-based at Corkerhill, continuing to work services out of Glasgow Central.

DMS 50877 from set 393 was unservicable by November 1982 and withdrawn in January 1983, meaning hybrid sets were again inevitable, with Class 101 vehicles used as substitutes.

During 1983, the Power cars were renumbered from 50xxx to 53xxx.

Set 116391 was being returned from a Works visit, conveyed on the rear of a parcels train from London, when it derailed and caught fire at Portobello on the East Coast Main Line in early hours of Weds August 3rd 1983. As the vehicles were asbestos contaminated the unit was withdrawn in October 1983 and eventually disposed of by burial in Paterson’s Tip, Mount Vernon in July 1984.

In December 1984 the whole fleet, now down to nine sets, was again reallocated, this time Ayr Depot. DMU availability problems at that depot meant class 116s were frequently used on longer distance services from Glasgow Central to Ayr, Ardrossan and Largs.

The fleet shrank further with the withdrawal of 116390 in November 1985 and 116396 in March 1986.

Four sets, 387/8/9/92, were reallocated to Eastfield in February 1986, but three had returned to Ayr by May, leaving only 116388 based at Eastfield and it often worked services out of Glasgow Queen Street.

In the Summer of 1986 Ayr depot had to contend with the entire fleet of Class 107 units being taken out of service. Class 116 vehicles 53825/882/892 were also stored out of use from May.

One of the units sent north to Ayr to help out was a Class 116 set from Stratford (vehicles E53845 + E59375 + E53898) which had been based at Hamilton in the Mid 1970s. This was designated 116397 although it may not have carried the set number.

Completion of the Ayrshire electrification and restoration of the Class 107s allowed the Scottish Region to reorganise the DMU fleet and the six remaining Class 116s sets based at Ayr (including stored vehicles) were transfered to Tyseley in February 1987.

The last Class 116 unit operating in Scotland was Eastfield's 116388, and this set went to Tyseley in March 1987.


1st February, 1981.
385 - 50090 59344 50132 - (116/116/116) - based at HN
386 - 50820 59027 52012 - (116/116/107) - based at HN
387 - 50822 59330 50881 - (116/116/116) - based at HN
388 - 50823 59354 50876 - (116/116/116) - based at HN
389 - 50825 59329 50873 - (116/116/116) - based at HN
390 - 50829 59337 50879 - (116/116/116) - based at HN
391 - 50836 59347 50889 - (116/116/116) - based at HN
392 - 50839 59374 50892 - (116/116/116) - based at HN
393 - 50841 59331 50877 - (116/116/116) - based at HN
394 - 50846 59345 50882 - (116/116/116) - based at HN
395 - 50853 59367 50894 - (116/116/116) - based at HN
396 - 50859 59349 50899 - (116/116/116) - based at HN

Summer 1986
116385 - 53090 59344 53132 - (116/116/116) - based at Ayr
116387 - 53822 59330 53881 - (116/116/116) - based at Ayr
116388 - 53823 59354 53876 - (116/116/116) - based at Eastfield
116389 - 53825 59329 53873 - (116/116/116) - based at Ayr
116392 - 53839 59374 53892 - (116/116/116) - based at Ayr
116394 - 53846 59345 53882 - (116/116/116) - based at Ayr
116397 - 53845 59375 53898 - (116/116/116) - based at Ayr
53841 - (116) - Also in ScR stock but not listed by RMEE, out of service believed withdrawn
59331 - (116) - Also in ScR stock but not listed by RMEE, out of service believed withdrawn

August 1986.
385 - 53090 59374 53673 - (116/116/120) - based at Ayr
387 - 53822 59330 53881 - (116/116/116) - based at Ayr
388 - 53823 59354 53876 - (116/116/116) - based at Eastfield
392 - 53839 59121 53132 - (116/101/116) - based at Ayr
394 - 53846 59345 53873 - (116/116/116) - based at Ayr
397 - 53845 59375 53898 - (116/116/116) - based at Ayr
59344 - (116) - based at Ayr - Vehicle not accounted for

Cravens (TOPS Class 105) DMU


Twenty-two 2-car sets were delivered to the Scottish Region during the first 6 months of 1959. These sets were formed of a Driving Motor Brake (DMBS) numbered Sc51473 to Sc51494, and a Driving trailer (DTCL) numbers Sc56462 to Sc56483.

Initial livery was green with cream lining and 'whiskers' on the cab front. As built the units had a two character headcode panel on the cab front.

The first public use of the new DMUs was on 'Six Lochs' Sunday excursions from the Glasgow area to the West Highlands.

From the Summer of 1959, nine sets were based at Aberdeen Kittybrewster (61A) and worked on stopping services on the former GNoSR lines.
61A: Sc51473-481 & Sc56462-470

Thirteen sets were based at Hamilton depot (66C) and worked local services out of Glasgow Central, including the Cathcart Circle prior to electrification, and the Low level lines immediately before closure.
66C: Sc51482-494 & Sc56471-483

Closures of lines reduced the requirement of DMUs at Aberdeen and after some major reshuffling of the Scottish region DMU fleet in the Spring of 1966, the allocation of the Cravens sets in May 1966 was:
51473-477/9-485 & 56462-466/8-474, Hamilton (66C) 12 sets
51486-490 & 56475-479, Kittybrewser (61A), 5 sets
51491-494 & 56480-483 Dundee (62B) 4 sets
51478 & 56467 Leith Central (64H) 1 set

By the mid 1960s the livery has been altered with the addition of a yellow panel on the cab front below the cream waist stripe and red bufferbeams. Later some cars received full yellow ends.


Coaching Stock – Diesel
Numbers now applied to Scottish Region sets are as follows:

Craven Twin = 61-4

Craven Twin = 96

DMBS Sc51488 was the first of the batch to be withrawn, in November 1967, after it caught fire at Inverurie Works whilst under repair.

Closure of the former GNoSR lines from Keith Junction to Elgin via Dufftown, and Cairnie Junction to Elgin via Buckie, ended the requirement for a DMU fleet at Aberdeen, and from May 1968 the all the Scottish Region Cravens DMUs were based at Hamilton depot.

In the later years of the 1960s, the Cravens DMUs began to be repainted into the new plain blue livery of British Rail.


Accident damgage led to the withdrawal of 51494 & 56493 in January 1971.


The first eight of the Craven twin-units from Hamilton MPD arrived at Haymarket MPD on Friday 20th October and two sets were immediately pressed into service that day on the 06:48 Shotts-Edinburgh service, (which is normally worked by a Hamilton-based Metro-Cammell triple-unit running ECS from Edinburgh). Sc51109 and Sc56302, noted at Millerhill on 27th August….. …..are one of the Gloucester twin-units, which are being replaced by these Cravens units. It is expected that several more Gloucester units will join the long lines of redundant d.m.u. vehicles at Millerhill by the end of the year.

In 1973 the Scottish Region started to standardise on 3-car DMU sets.
DMBS 51487, 51489 and 51490 transferred to Eastfield and were used with Class 101 cars to make 3-car sets.
Driving trailer cars 56476/477/478/480 became centre-cars between Class 100 DMBS cars based at Haymarket.

For the time being SC51473-86/93 & 56462-75/82 remained at Hamilton working as 2-car sets, but 51491 & 56479 were augmented by a Class 101 DMCL to make a 3-car set, while 51492 was spare.

The first Cravens set to be transferred off the region was 51478 & 56469, sent to Norwich in April 1974.

Electrification of the Hamilton Circle and Lanark branch in May 1974 reduced the DMU requirements in the Glasgow area. Reallocations in June and July saw Haymarket gain ten DMBS 51473-77/79-81/83/84, whilst the three DMBS at Eastfield returned to Hamilton. The Cravens units remaining at Hamilton were reformed into 3-car sets (2x DMBS 1x DTCL) with surplus DTCL cars stored out of use.

A large clearout of surplus DMUs from Hamilton in May 1975 saw 6 DMBS and 10 DTCL transferred to Eastern Region depots (the majority going to Hull Botanical Gardens), and 3 DTCL went to the London Midland Region the following month.
That left 3 Cravens DMBS cars at Hamilton: Sc51486, Sc51487, Sc51493
Car 51493 was running in class 107 set 141 in place of withdrawn Sc51995, While the other two made up a 3-car set with a Class 101 DTCL in the middle.

These 3 DMBS cars were sent to South Gosforth (Tyneside) in exchange for Class 101 cars in April 1977.

DMBS 51484 & DTCL 56480 left Haymarket for Norwich in June 1977. The 3 other DTCL at Haymarket 56476-8 were put into store, and then Withdrawn April 1978.

Sc51477 had been transferred from Haymarket (HA) to Eastfield (ED) in March 1977, withdrawn in September but reinstated November 1977. It continued to be shown as allocated to 'ED' but seems to have been running in Haymarket based sets.

In 1978, nine Class 105 DMBS cars remained, Sc51473-77/79-81/83, all now working in hybrid sets with class 101 cars. The cab fronts were tidied up with removal of the 2-character headcode panels, and from Autumn 1979 onwards the cars were progressively painted into blue & grey livery. Set numbers in the 20x series were applied under the driver's front window.


In 1981 the Scottish Region introduced a new set numbering scheme for its DMUs which included the Class number as a prefix, although on the Haymarket hybrid sets this was omitted.
The planned formations for Class 105 vehicles at 1st Feb 1981 were:
375 HA 51473 + 59567 + 51477 (class 101 TSL)
376 HA 51474 + 59574 + 51481 (class 111 TSLRB)
377 HA 51476 + 59072 + 51480 (class 101 TSL)
378 HA 51479 + 59068 + 51483 (class 101 TSL)
379 HA 51475 + 59544 + 50748 (class 101 TSL & DMSL)
The correct formations proved difficult to maintain, and it was not unusal to have different set numbers at each end of the units.

In March of 1981 three additional sets were created using vehicles transferred in from Newton Heath. The sets included Cravens DMSL cars and BRC&W Class 104 centre cars - a first for the Scottish region.
105 372 HA M50770 + M59150 + M50803 (all Blue)
105 373 HA M50778 + M59161 + M50805 (all Blue)
105 374 HA M50782 + M59159 + M50789 (all Blue)

These were for short-term cover for other DMUs in the Works for asbestos removal, and all were withdrawn in June 1981. The vehicles remained at Haymarket for a time but had moved to Millerhill Yard by 1982. Later in that year they were moved south for scrapping at Snailwell.

Five of the Scottish DMBS cars were removed from traffic and stored at Millerhill in August, leaving Sc51474/79/80/81 in use from Haymarket, until November 1981 when all nine were officially withdrawn. These then moved to various sidings around Ayr before heading south to Snailwell for scrapping in 1982.

The Cravens DMU made a brief comeback in November 1982 when five 2-car units from Norwich were sent to Ayr.
DMBS E50376/50384/50386/51301/51493*
DTCL E56136/56437/56441/56464*/56469*
*(originally Scottish Region vehicles).

DTCL cars E56136 and E56441 were sent back to Norwich in December and January. E56437 was put in Store at Ayr. E56464 had its first class yellow stripe removed.

The DMBS cars were given set numbers 105 372 to 105 376 on the cab front, but formations varied and some sets had more than one DMBS.

These imported class 105 cars stood out because they were all blue, but the other Scottish DMUs were now in Blue & grey livery.

Formations noted in The Railway Observer were:
E50384 + E51301 + E56464 (02/12/82 & 08/01/83) All Cravens, all blue.
SC52028 + E50386 + E56441 (11/01/83) Class 107 DMSL
E51493 + SC59790 + SC52004 (08/01/83) Class 107 TSL & DMBS
E50376 + E56469 + SC52003 (18/01/83) Class 107 DMBS
E51301 + SC59069 + SC52028 (19/02/83) Class 101 TSL & Class 107 DMSL
E50384 + SC59791 + SC51251 (24/02/83) Class 107 TSL & Class 101 DMBS
E50376 + E56464 + SC51536 (04/03/83) Class 101 DMSL (DTCL still with 1st class)
E51301 + SC59069 + SC52033 (23/03/83) Class 101 TSL & Class 107 DMSL

These DMUs worked local services out of Glasgow Central, reaching Edinburgh via Shotts.

All the Cravens cars were put in store at Ayr by the end of March 1983, and officially withdrawn in the Autumn.

The final episode in the Scottish Class 105 story took place in 1986 when the Ayr based Class 107 fleet was suddenly taken out of service and spare DMUs from other regions were drafted in. Five class 105 DMBS transferred to Ayr Depot from Norwich and Cambridge:
E51268 NC-AY 6/86, W 12/86
E51269 NC-AY 6/86, W 28/9/86, R -AY 23/11/86, W 3/87
E51294 NC-AY 6/86, W 12/86
E53377 NC-AY 6/86, W 28/9/86
E53380 CA-AY 6/86, W 28/9/86
Five Class 105 DTCL came north but were not used:


1st February, 1981.
375 - 51473 59567 51477 - (105/101/105) - based at HA
376 - 51474 59574 51481 - (105/111/105) - based at HA
377 - 51476 59072 51480 - (105/101/105) - based at HA
378 - 51479 59068 51483 - (105/101/105) - based at HA
379 - 51475 59544 50748 - (105/101/101) - based at HA

August 1986.
454 - 51268 59785 51584 - (105/107/120) - based at Ayr
532 - 51294 59796 53669 - (105/107/120) - based at Ayr
550 - 53377 59805 53505 - (105/107/104) - based at Ayr

A hybrid DMU, consisting of two Cravens (Class 105) power-cars and a BRCW (Class 104) trailer, approaches Edinburgh Waverley through Princes Street Gardens on 20th April, 1981. The leading vehicle is a relatively rare type, being one of 33 Driving Motor Composite cars built to Lot No. 30353. [Tom Heavyside]

A Cravens (Class 105) DMBS car leads a 3-car DMU forming the 10.14 Glasgow Queen Street to Edinburgh train at Philpstoun, West Lothian, 29th January, 1981. The trailing cars of the set are Metropolitan-Cammell (Class 101) vehicles. [Brian Morrison]

BR Derby DMU (79xxx series)



Coaching Stock – Diesel
Numbers now applied to Scottish Region sets are as follows:

“Yellow Diamond” Twin = 97/8
“Yellow Diamond” Triple = 234-7

M79015 + M79605

A Derby Lightweight 2-car DMU consisting of DTCL No. M79605 and DMBS No. M79015 stands at Kilmarnock station on the 18th of August, 1966, whilst working the 11.55 Glasgow Central to Carlisle train. [A. Wyn Hobson]

BR Swindon 'inter-city' (Class 126) DMU


The Class 126 DMUs were 3-car units built at British Rail's Swindon Works in the 1950s.

Known as 'Inter-City railcars' these DMUs were constructed on the longer 64'6" underframe and resembled Mk1 loco-hauled stock, having buckeye couplers and Pullman gangways but with a different body profile.

These trains had two front-end designs: either a full-width cab, or a half-cab with central gangway connection. The latter 'intermediate' driving cars allowed through access within a six-car formation.

Power-car seating was of the 'open' saloon arrangement with compartment seating in the trailers. Some of the trailer cars also featured buffets.

Each power-car was fitted with two AEC 150hp underfloor engines with mechanical transmission giving a maximum speed of 70mph.

A unique multiple-working control system, coded 'White Circle', was employed. Unlike other classes, each power car produced its own control air supply and was thus incompatible with any other.

Two batches of Class 126 DMUs were built. The first batch of 64 cars, including eight Buffets cars, was built in 1956, for used between Edinburgh and Glasgow. These cars were numbered in the Sc79xxx series. A second batch of 68 cars (with two Buffets), was built in 1959/60 for Glasgow – Ayrshire routes, and numbered in the Sc51xxx and Sc59xxx series.

Edinburgh & Glasgow fleet

The first batch was allocated to Leith Central depot, and introduced to the Edinburgh Waverley to Glasgow Queen Street route in January 1957. They worked both the express services via Falkirk High and the stopping services via Falkirk Grahamston. Appearances were also made on the Princes Street to Glasgow Central route via Shotts.

The trains usually worked in 6-car formation, with the full width cabs outermost. At first the units work as pairs of 3-car sets with the intermediate driving vehicles coupled in the centre of the train.
Later the formation was changed to position the trailer cars together the middle.

This listing appeared in the October 1965 issue of Railway Observer and formed part of a series of articles covering DMU allocations across the UK, commencing with LMR sets in (I think) the March 1965 issue so I am not sure if this information is correct for early 1965 or later in the year.

Dundee, Inverness and Haymarket sets do not carry set numbers as the duty numbers here act as set numbers.

Swindon Inter City Motor Brake 2nd (Leading & Intermediate): Sc79084/6-99 & Sc79100-11 Swindon Inter City Motor 2nd (Intermediate): Sc79155-68
Swindon Inter City Trailer Buffet 1st: Sc79440-7
Swindon Inter City 1st: Sc79470-82

Services used on: Edinburgh – Glasgow
[Appears to make up 20 x 3 Car Sets + 2 Spares]


Coaching Stock – Diesel
Numbers now applied to Scottish Region sets are as follows:
Swindon Inter-City = 601-9

The Railway Observer for January 1971 gives the following allocations:

64H Leith Central:-
B.R. Swindon 6-car sets:
TFRBL 59098/9; MBSL 79083-91/3-9, 79100-11; MSL 79155-68; TFRBK 79440-7; TFK 79471-8/80/1/2.

Class 126s were displaced from E&G services from 1971 by the Class 27 push-pull sets. Despite trials on other routes, all were withdrawn by 1972 except for four cars transferred to Ayr.

Five of the withdrawn power cars were refurbished by BREL at Glasgow Works, painted bright orange and exported to Africa to work miners' trains on the LAMCO system in Liberia.

Ayrshire Fleet

Twenty-two 3-car sets were introduced from 1959, based at Ayr depot.

The 126s worked initially from Glasgow St Enoch, and later Glasgow Central to Stranraer, Girvan, Ayr, Ardrossan and Largs. They also appeared on other routes out of Glasgow.

Due to their non-standard nature and high asbestos content, the class 126 units were withdrawn in the early 1980s.

The Glasgow - Stranraer services went over to loco-hauled operation in May 1982. On other routes the 126s were replaced by redeployed class 101 and class 107 units.

The last two sets, 126.406 and 126.413 were withdrawn in January 1983.


The most obvious difference between the two batches was the headcode indicators. The E&G units had a single character panel, while the later built Ayrshire sets had split 4 character panels.

The E&G units had guards vans behind the driving cabs, but the Ayrshire units had the guards van at the inner end of the driving car, allowing passengers seated behind the 'full cab' a forward view.


Initial liveries for both fleets was lined green, at first a bright shade, but a darker brunswick green was later applied. E&G units were repainted into 'Inter-City' blue and grey from 1967 onwards, but the Ayrshire units were painted 'suburban' plain blue.

From 1977 onwards, the Ayrshire units received blue and grey livery, from 1979 with 'GG TransClyde' branding. Around this time the gangways on the driving cabs were removed.


One 3-car Ayrshire set was saved by the Swindon Diesel Preservation Society. Comprising of DMS Sc51017, DMBS Sc51043 and TC Sc59404, it was initially used on the Caledonian Railway at Brechin.

The unit was sold to the Scottish Railway Preservation Society in 1993, to enable the asbestos insulation to be removed and full restoration to take place. It is now based on the Bo'ness and Kinneil Railway.

Two of the E&G buffets cars were bought by preserved railways. Car 79441 was on the Strathspey Railway, but has now been scrapped. Car 79443 went to the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, but is now at Bo'ness awaiting restoration.


1st February, 1981.
401 - 51030 59394 51027 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
402 - 51032 59408 51023 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
403 - 51033 59396 51012 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
404 - 51034 59411 51016 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
405 - 51035 59407 51015 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
406 - 51036 59412 51019 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
407 - 51037 59397 51026 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
408 - 51038 59400 51020 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
409 - 51039 59406 51029 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
410 - 51040 59402 51013 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
411 - 51041 59393 51018 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
412 - 51042 59395 51021 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
413 - 51043 59391 50936 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
414 - 51044 59398 51014 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
415 - 51045 59392 51008 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
416 - 51046 59410 51017 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
417 - 51047 59405 51009 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
418 - 51048 59404 51025 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
419 - 51049 59399 51024 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
420 - 51050 59403 51022 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
421 - 51051 59409 51010 - (126/126/126) - based at AY
422 - 79088 79470 - (126/126) - based at AY

126 409

Formed of BR Swindon 'inter city' (Class 126) 3-car DMU No. 126 409, the 11.35 Glasgow Central to Stranraer passes Falkland Junction, on the outskirts of Ayr, on 15th June, 1981. The set consisted of DMBS No. Sc51039, TSK No. Sc59406 and DMSL No. Sc51029. [Rex Kennedy]

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English Electric Type 5 'Deltic' (TOPS Class 55)

Built: English Electric, Vulcan Foundry.
To traffic, allocated to Gateshead (52A): 19th March, 1961.
Named THE KING'S OWN YORKSHIRE LIGHT INFANTRY at York Station: 4th April, 1963.
Renumbered 55 002: 8th December, 1973.
Withdrawn: 2nd January, 1982.

A southward view during a photographic stop at Riccarton Junction on 4th January, 1969, with English Electric Type 5 (TOPS Class 55) No. 9002 THE KING'S OWN YORKSHIRE LIGHT INFANTRY heading the Carlisle to Edinburgh Waverley leg of train 1Z10, the British Rail The Waverley railtour. [Trevor J. Gregg]

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Class 68

68 004 Rapid

Vossloh Class 68 No. 68 004 Rapid runs through Falkirk Grahamston Station with train 5G13, the 15.00 Motherwell TMD to Edinburgh Waverley empty carriage stock on 11th July, 2017. [Michael Laing]

68 007 Valiant

Vossloh Class 68 No. 68 007 Valiant stands at Platform 20 at Waverley Station after arrival with 2K14, the 18.15 train from Glenrothes with Thornton, on 23rd May, 2016. [Michael Laing]

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NBL/MAN 225 bhp 0-4-0DH

Introduced: 1957.
Engine: NBL/MAN 6-cylinder W6V 17.5/22A, 225 bhp at 1,100 rpm.
Transmission: Voith-NBL Type L33YV hydraulic torque converter; NBL bevel gears and reversing dog clutch coupled through reduction gearing to jackshaft.
Weight: 30 tons.
Maximum speed: 17 mph.
Maximum tractive effort: 21,500 lbs.

Built: North British Locomotive Company, Glasgow.
To traffic, allocated to St Margarets (64A): 29th January, 1960.
Reallocated to Dalry Road (64C): 7th May, 1960.
Reallocated to St Margarets (64A): 6th May, 1961.
Reallocated to Dundee Tay Bridge (62B): 2nd November, 1963.
Reallocated to St Margarets (64A): 30th April, 1966.
Reallocated to Leith Central (64H): 25th February, 1967.
Withdrawn: 4th April, 1967.
Scrapped by Slag Reduction Co., Ickles: 1st August, 1967.

NBL 0-4-0DH shunter No. D2745 runs through Platform 4 of Haymarket Station on 7th July, 1960. [Alan Curtis]